MSU Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics
Dissertations, Theses and Plan B Papers -- Abstract
, Meenu. An Analysis of Common-Pool-Resource in an Institutional Economics Framework: Evidence from Tank Irrigation and Group-Owned Wells in South India
Plan B Paper,
Major Professor: Schmid.
Tanks are man made reservoirs formed by putting crescent shaped earth embankments
across the drainage flow to capture and store heavy runoff from concentrated
monsoon rainfall. Tank water reaches fields by gravity flow through sluices.
Tanks, which were once the largest form of irrigation in South India have declined
in importance and are in state of disrepair. This paper synthesizes the disparate
strands of thoughts prevailing in the Common Pool Resource literature while analyzing
tank and well irrigation in South India. Particular attention is given to the
fact that tanks are a part of the village 'public domain' through which social
relations are articulated, reproduced and challenged (Mosse, 1997). Group Owned
Wells are discussed as an alternative, though they do share some common features
with other CPR's. Findings suggest that social norms and peer pressure are effective
in facilitating cooperation in managing the irrigation wells.